This project focuses on systematic development of biomaterials that can be used for Additive Biomanufacturing (ABM), or ‘bioinks’. Bioinks can be developed into a variety of forms (e.g., hydrogels, polymers, ceramics, and metals) for different biomedical applications. The special requirements of bioinks compared to commodity 3D printing materials are that bioinks need to be compatible with both printing processes and biological processes. Despite their vital importance for ABM, little research has been carried out on the development and upscale of bioinks. This Program will ultimately deliver bioink formulations with controlled biodegradability and bioactivity at an industrial scale.